• Free Call 02 9344 8822
  • Address

    Maroubra Clinic

    Maroubra Dental Clinic

    Office 1, 822 Anzac Parade
    Maroubra, NSW, 2035

    Parramatta Clinic

    Parramatta Dental Clinic

    The Hall, 356 Church Street
    (Corner of Church and Palmer St)
    Parramatta, NSW, 2150

  • Opening Hours
    • Mon to Thurs - 8am – 6pm
    • Fri 8am – 5pm
    • Sat 8am – 2pm
    • Sunday Closed

Dentist Journal

The Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a disease that people of all ages can get, and is most characterised by inflamed, swollen, and red gums that bleed around the teeth when brushing and flossing particularly. It sometimes also causes bad breath. The disease is reversible with good oral and health care, however, if not treated correctly it can lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more serious condition which can lead to cell death, a breakdown of the teeth, and even tooth loss eventually.

Causes of Gingivitis

Causes of Gingivitis

Plaque buildup

This is the most usual cause of gingivitis: plaque build up. Plaque is the sticky substance that coats the surface of the teeth, gums, mouth, and tongue that is from bacteria growing in your mouth. This bacteria can build up and ultimately lead to gingivitis. The best way to stop plaque buildup is by regular brushing after meals with a fluoride toothpaste, along with flossing.
If plaque builds up enough then it turns into tartar, which is hard and can only be removed by a dentist. To prevent both plaque and tartar buildup, you should go for regular cleanings with the dentist.
The longer that you leave plaque and tartar, the more likely you are to develop gingivitis.

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Medicine use

Saliva is naturally occurring in the mouth and helps to wash away debris and keep bacteria at bay. This means that if you have issues with the amount of saliva in your mouth i.e. not enough saliva, the more likely that bacteria can build up which can lead to gingivitis.
While most people have enough saliva, certain medications can lead to a dry mouth. People who are taking medications that result in a dry mouth need to be particularly careful about their oral health to ensure bacteria doesn’t breed in the mouth.

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Certain types of infections in the body may also cause gingivitis, such as oral thrush overgrowth or the herpes virus. HIV may also cause gingivitis. There are various other infections that can result in gingivitis, as well as other symptoms.

Poor nutrition

Nutritional deficiencies can result in gingivitis, often as well as other physical symptoms. If you are deficient in calcium, or B vitamins, or vitamin C, then this may also bring about gingivitis. Check in with your doctor for blood tests to measure your levels of various nutrients in the body.
Consult with our dentists in Maroubra, if you think that you may have gingivitis or early warning signs. We can also help with regular dental cleaning to help in preventing gingivitis occurring. Make sure to keep your oral health in good condition to avoid more serious dental health problems in the future. The future of your teeth and gums depends on it!